Let’s start at the very beginning.

This song is in the natural minor.

Harmonic minor sounds vaguely Middle Eastern: composers use it to create an “exotic” or mysterious atmosphere.

Quarter-tone notation:


Some pieces for microtonally-tuned piano:

Turkish guitar music that uses microtones:

The music of the Second Viennese School in the early twentieth century used 12-tone scales.

Later in the 20th century, music attempted to break free of all tonal structures.

Remember: what you hear, and whether it sounds consonant or dissonant, is conditioned by your culture and by your own experiences as a listener.






Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

Blog at

%d bloggers like this: