The Japanese Fan (Gustave de Jonghe, 1880s).
Read “Madama Butterfly: A Study in Ambiguity” by Jordan Serchuk.
Read “The Heartless GIs Who Inspired Madame Butterfly“ by Rupert Christiansen.
Read “Washington National Opera’s Madama Butterfly, Reviewed,” by Mike Paarlberg.
Read “Past vs. Present: Puccini’s Madame Butterfly vs. Weezer’s Pinkerton” by Maxime Scraire.
Weezer’s “Across the Sea”:
Read “What About Yellowface?” on this blog.
Novelist Viet Thanh Nguyen says it’s time to “Close the Curtain on Miss Saigon.”
Take a look at this Pinterest page of mostly Western women in Japanese kimono.
A database of all the Japanese folk songs Puccini incorporated into the score of Madama Butterfly.
Now watch this entire film.